by Dr Muhammad Islamullah Khan
The blessed month of Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. The word Ramadan means: "great heat", as this occurred in the pre-Islamic solar calendar.
Fasting in this month is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. We read in the Quran: "The month of Ramadan, where the Quran was sent down for the guidance of the people. And as clear signs of the Guidance and the Salvation. So let those of you, who are present at the month, fast in it; and if any of you is sick, or on a journey, then fast on a number of other days. Allah desires ease for you, and desires not hardship for you. So that you fulfil the number, and Praise Allah that He has guided you, and that you may be thankful." (2:185).
Researches on Fasting
People fast for health reasons. Scientists have studied the effects of fasting on the body and found that the intake of food increases the body's metabolism. After fasting, the metabolism can become as much as 22 per cent lower than the normal rate.